### Ratio word problem solved with block model and algebra

I guess it is time for some more problem solving, since someone sent this question in.

Two numbers are in the ratio of 1:2. If 7 be added to both, their ratio changes to 3:5. What is the greater number?

We can model the two original numbers with blocks. 1 block and 2 blocks makes the ratio to be 1:2.

`|-------||-------|-------|`

Now add the same thing to both (the 7):
`          7|-------|---||-------|-------|---|                 7 `
The way I just happened to draw these suggests that I could just split the original block in two, and the problem is solved:
`          7|---|---|---||---|---|---|---|---|                 7 `
Here, each little block is 7. The original larger blocks are 14 each.

So the original bigger number, which had two larger blocks, is 28, and the smaller number is 14.

Check:
Their ratio is 28:14 = 2:1. If you add 7 to both, you have 35 and 21, and their ratio is 35:21 = 5:3.

Solving the same problem using algebra

The two numbers in the ratio of 1:2 are x and 2x.

Once 7 is added to both, we have x + 7 and 2x + 7. Their ratio is 3:5, and we can write a proportion using fractions:
`x + 7           3-------   =   ----2x + 7          5`

Cross-multiply to get

5(x + 7) = 3(2x + 7)

5x + 35 = 6x + 21
35 - 21 = x

x = 14

The larger number was 2x or 28. We already checked this earlier.